eastern birds identification
It has a black face, throat and belly and white forehead and crown that extends over the eye, down the back and sides of the neck. Some people like to use a checklist/life list of common species they might find around their home so they can keep track of what they have seen or heard. Bouyant, silent flight with flicking wing beats. There are seven subspecies of this bird, of varying sizes and plumage details, but all are recognizable as Canada Geese. Forehead is chestnut-brown and throat and rump are buff. They nest on the ground, in shaded locations, among dead leaves, and usually lay two creamy eggs. These birds forage at night, catching insects in flight. Forages on ground, low in trees and bushes. They mate for life and return to the same nesting spot annually. Legs are extremely long and red-pink. The haunts of the Stock Pigeon are in more or less open country, for though it often nests in trees it prefers parklands to thick woods. The nest, though it is seldom that any nest material is used, is usually in a hole in a tree, a crack in a rock face, or in a rabbit burrow, but the bird also nests in ivy, or in the thick growth round the boles of linden trees. They often chip out large and roughly rectangular holes in trees while searching out insects. Split in 2016 by the American Ornithologist Union. The nest consists of heavy tree branches, upholstered with grass. Face is gray with brown crown and a thin, dark line extending back from eye. Herons locate their food by sight and generally swallow it whole. Wings are dark with two white bars. The flight is labored and slow with dangling legs. Head is glossy green-black; neck has black-and-white rings. Its habitat is natural cliffs, usually on coasts. Mississippi Kite: Small kite, dark gray upperparts, pale gray underparts and head. The bill is yellow with a dark tip. Smew: Small merganser, mostly white body except for black back, mask, breast bar, and V-shaped nape patch. Cassin's Vireo: Small vireo, olive-gray upperparts, white underparts, pale yellow flanks. In flight, the head is held close to and aligned with the body by a downward bend in the long neck. It has a swift and direct flight. Weak fluttering flight on shallow wing beats. The nests are cups of vegetation, and are either built in shrubs or attached to marsh grass. It has alternating strong rapid wing beats and glides. Tail is dark and yellow-tipped with cinnamon-brown undertail coverts. Smith's Longspur: Medium sparrow, yellow-brown streaked upperparts, black head with white eyebrow and ear patch, and yellow-brown nape, throat, and underparts. Upperwings are dark gray with pale gray patches. Eyes are red. In most cases only the older chick, which takes most of the food, survives, while the younger one dies without leaving the eyrie. Eats seeds, insects, caterpillars. Face is dark red, collar is gray, belly is pale red. Where available, corn, wheat and other agricultural crops are a favorite food. White Ibis: This coastal species is white overall with pink facial skin, bill, and legs that turn scarlet during breeding season. Both sexes have a sharply pointed bill. Legs are yellow with very long toes. Learn about all the Commonwealth's breeding bird species in the Breeding Bird Atlas 2. The eggs are incubated by both parents for about 18 days. Sexes are similar. . Bohemian Waxwing: Large waxwing with gray upperparts, pink-gray crest, black mask and chin, and gray underparts. In mild climates, such as the Pacific Northwest, due to a lack of former predators, some of the population has become non-migratory. Whatbird.com logo design courtesy of The Haller Company. Tail is short, and legs are long. AKA Common Guillemot. Crown is rufous, throat is white with black stripes, and bill is gray. Swift direct flight with clipped wing beats. Feeds and forages on land or in shallow water by probing in mud, and sweeping bill back and forth. Feeds on caterpillars, insects, fruits, seeds and grains. Eats fish, crustaceans, jellyfish. There may be some splotches of various shades of brown. Bridled Tern: Medium pelagic tern. The taxonomy of the towhees has been under debate in recent decades, and formerly this bird and the Spotted Towhee were considered a single species, the Rufous-sided â¦ Tail is long and scissor-like, black above with white outer edges and white below with black inner edges. During the months of July and August you can go to one of two information centers run by the Nature Conservancy of Canada about the shorebirds in either Johnson's Mills or Mary's point. Bill is dark and legs and feet are pink. Slow, deep wing beats. Bill is bright yellow. Strong direct flight with neck extended. Head has brown cap, white eyebrows, and dark eye-lines. Legs and feet are dark red. Wings are brown with chestnut-brown patches. Adults have a short finch-like bill and dark eyes. The red-headed woodpecker is listed as a vulnerable species in Canada and as a threatened species in some states in the US. The female lays two eggs between January and May (depending on the area). Sexes are similar. Eggs are laid at a rate of approximately 1 per day, and they hatch after 23 days. Black head has two white facial stripes. Cassin's Sparrow: Medium, skulking grassland sparrow, fine brown streaks on gray-brown head and back, buff underparts. To acquire food, it plunge dives from 30 to 50 feet. The sexes are similar; males are slightly larger. Long, thin, upcurved bill. The sexes are similar. They are widespread throughout the entire world and are found in all of the continents except Antarctica. Dark bill, thick and heavy; short, broad tail. Non-birders often mistakenly identify the Red-bellied Woodpecker as this species. Males weigh 3.5â6.5 kg, and can be very aggressive in defending territory. Feeds on mussels and other bivalves. Body color ranges from a light bleached to dark brown, all have a cinammon wash that makes the bird look red-tinged. The neck, breast and belly are white. Feeds mostly on seeds, grains and insects. If the eyrie is situated on a tree, supporting tree branches may break because of the weight of the nest. Franklin's Gull: This medium-sized gull has a gray back and white underparts. White wing patches visible in flight. American Crows do not reach breeding age for at least two years. However, quail habitat varies greatly throughout their range which extends from Mexico east to Florida and north into the Upper Midwest and Northeast. Feeds at low tide on mudflats or hidden in salt marsh vegetation. Hugs wave contours or flies up to 150 feet. It locates its prey from the air, often hovering prior to plunging feet-first into the water to seize a fish. Eyes are red. Feeds on insects and nectar. American White Pelican: Huge, white seabird, enormous outstretched wings show black primaries, outer secondaries in flight. The males and females appear relatively similar, but males have a puffy plume of feathers behind their heads, and tend to be slightly larger than females. Both of those species are extremely rare, if not extinct. Great blue herons can be found in a range of habitats, in fresh and saltwater marshes, mangrove swamps, flooded meadows, rivers, lake edges, or shorelines, but they always live near bodies of water. Incubation is by the female from 28 to 35 days, during which time she is fed by the male. The 'barbed' talons are such effective tools for grasping fish that, on occasion, an Osprey may be unable to release a fish that is heavier than expected. White-winged Dove: Medium-sized, stout dove with gray-brown upperparts, gray underparts, and small, black crescent below eye. Head has dark cap and forked white eyebrows. They do not make the "eagle scream" as often shown on the television. They are long distance migrants and winter in coastal South America with some going to the southern United States. Eats insects, caterpillars, seeds, fruits and berries. The Red-tailed Hawk is common and widespread, partly because it has benefited from the historic settlement patterns across North America. It will often wait motionless for prey, or slowly stalk its victim. The range of this bird expanded west as forests were cleared. The number of individual American Crows is estimated by Birdlife International to be around 31,000,000. In its stoop, the Peregrine Falcon attains the highest speed of any animal. The first chick to hatch usually becomes more experienced in food handling and aggressive interactions with siblings, and so often grows more quickly than the other chicks. On the other hand, a growing number of city-dwelling Falcons find that feral pigeons and Common Starlings provide plenty of food. Wings are long and narrow. It has a direct flight with rapid wing beats. Exceptionally, weights of 11.3 kg and a wingspan of 224 cm have been recorded in the largest race. Formerly called Sky Lark, name was changed to Eurasian Skylark in 2016 by the American Ornithologist Union. Light buff-yellow wash on crown of head extending down nape may be visible. Common Backyard Birds Dark-eyed Junco. Flight is low and fluttering over short distances. It feeds on seeds, grain, grasses and berries. Throat feathers are long, purple-red, appearing as streaks on a white background, whiskers when fluffed out, or dark, inverted V when folded. Whatbird parametric search. The wings have distinct black bars on white undersides. Read More. However, the cry is more commonly used for the Bald Eagle, whose own vocalizations are quite different. In most, the adults' tails are rusty red above, and juveniles have narrow brown and pale bands. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world, Galliformes (turkeys, chickens, grouse, quails, and pheasants), Falconiformes (eagles, falcons, and hawks), Charadriiformes (waders, gulls, and auks), http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ic6YPqC2wfU, https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=Field_Guide/Birds/Eastern_US_and_Canada&oldid=3557218, Book:Field Guide/Birds - Eastern US and Canada. Iridescent throat patch can appear purple, green or black. Can dive to depths of more than 240 feet. This is one of three species colloquially known in the United States as the "chickenhawk". The black and white patch on the side of the neck is absent in the browner and duller juvenile bird, which also has the legs brown. Band-rumped Storm-Petrel: This is a black-brown storm-petrel with gray-brown wing bars and a conspicuous white band across the rump and large, slightly notched tail. Conversely, the planting of trees in the west provided nest sites where there had been none. Adult geese are often seen leading their goslings in a line, usually with one parent at the front, and the other at the back of the "parade". Northern birds migrate to the southern parts of the range; southern birds are often permanent residents. Parent birds have been shown to consume up to 4 times as much food when they are feeding young chicks than when laying or incubating eggs. Black legs, webbed feet. There are three species of bluebird; the Eastern Bluebird, the Mountain Bluebird, and the Western Bluebird. Wood Sandpiper: Small wader with green-yellow legs. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Barrow's Goldeneye: Medium diving duck with black upperparts, contrasting white shoulder bars, white underparts. It has a rufous crown, white eye ring and dark brown wings. Drops on prey ; they also patrol open areas in flight ; Pigeon,! Two color phases, grey and black legs and feet bird Treaty Act of.! 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